China announces that the One Child Policy is to end

China's Communist party has scrapped its one-child policy, allowing all couples to have two children for the first time in more than three decades 
In the late 1970s, the Chinese government introduced a number of measures to reduce the country's birth rate and slow the population growth rate. The most important of the new measures was a one-child policy, which decreed that couples in China could only have one child.

More resources:
The One Child Policy in a  Timeline >>>
The One Child Policy in a BBC Case study  >>>
China's One Child Policy explained >>> 
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